Blood Borne Disease and Sexually Transmitted Infections (HIV/AIDS)

Sexually Transmitted and Blood-borne Infections (STBBI)            

There are many different types of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI). To find out if you have an STBBI, you need to be tested. Otherwise, you could spread an STBBI to a sexual partner without knowing it. There are two types of STBBIs:  Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) and Blood-borne Infections (BBI).

What is a Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)?

STIs are infections passed from one person to another through sexual activities (oral, anal, vaginal sex or sharing of sex toys) with someone who has an STI. Examples of STIs are chlamydia, herpes and gonorrhea.

What is a Blood-borne Infection (BBI)?

BBIs are passed from one person to another through activities that allow the blood of one person to come in contact with the blood of another - for example, sharing injection needles or drug-using equipment.

How does someone get an STBBI?

You can get STBBI if:

• you engage in unprotected sex
• you share needles and other equipment used to inject drugs
• you had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992
• you get a tattoo or a piercing with a needle that has infected blood on it. This can happen if equipment is not cleaned properly after it is used on someone else.

How do I Know if I have an STBBI?

The only way to know is to get tested. If you are concerned or have questions visit your community health nurse (CHN) or doctor.

Can STBBI's be treated?

Yes, most STBBIs can be treated – it depends on the bacteria or the virus.  For example, STBBIs like gonorrhea and chlamydia are easy to treat with antibiotics.


FNHA's STBBI program focuses on prevention and education. FNHA works with community health nurses (CHN) to facilitate access to quality screening, diagnosis, care, treatment and social support. FNHA ensures that health care providers deliver STBBI services with a First Nations community focus.  

Do you have Questions about STBBIs?

Talk to the community health nurse at your health centre or nursing station.

You can also talk to your primary care provider or go to your closest public health unit:

Sexual Health Resources

Sexual Health:

Men and Health:

LGBTQ and Health:

Contact Us

For more information, contact the FNHA Health Protection team at: 1-844-364-2232

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